In January 1806, thousands of people flocked to the Royal Hospital for Seamen to see the coffin of naval commander Admiral Horatio Lord Nelson. He lay in state in the centre of the Upper Hall following his death at the Battle of Trafalgar, a plaque dedicated to his memory now marks the spot.

The Nelson Room, where Nelson's body was kept while the Painted Hall was prepared for the lying-in-state, is connected to the Upper Hall and can be visited throughout the year.